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Kinross reports 2023 fourth-quarter and full-year results
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Kinross reports 2023 fourth-quarter and full-year results

Delivers on 2023 guidance, strong 2024 outlook of 2.1 million Au eq. oz.
Tasiast and La Coipa projects completed driving significant free cash flow
Great Bear exceeds expectations and adds more than one million high-grade inferred ounces

TORONTO, Feb. 14, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Kinross Gold Corporation (TSX: K, NYSE: KGC) (“Kinross” or the “Company”) today announced its results for the fourth-quarter and year ended December 31, 2023.

This news release contains forward-looking information about expected future events and financial and operating performance of the Company. We refer to the risks and assumptions set out in our Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information located on page 48 of this release. All dollar amounts are expressed in U.S. dollars, unless otherwise noted.

2023 full-year results and 2024 guidance:        

  2023 guidance
(+/- 5%)
Q4 2023 results 2023 full-year results 2024 guidance
(attributable)1
(+/- 5%)
Gold equivalent production1
(ounces)
2.1 million 546,513 2.15 million 2.1 million
Production cost of sales1,2
($ per Au eq. oz.)
$970 $976 $942 $1,020
All-in sustaining cost1,2,3
($ per Au eq. oz.)
$1,320 $1,353 $1,316 $1,360
Attributable1 capital expenditures4 (million) $1,000 million $298 million
(Capital expenditures of $311 million4)
$1,055 million
(Capital expenditures of $1,098 million4)
$1,050 million
  • Attributable1 production in 2024 is expected to be 2.1 million Au eq. oz. Kinross has forecasted stable production guidance of approximately 2.0 million attributable Au eq. oz. in each of 2025 and 2026.

Operational, development project and exploration highlights:

  • Tasiast had record throughput in Q4 2023 and achieved record full-year production. It remains well-positioned to deliver another strong year in 2024.
  • La Coipa achieved record quarterly production driven by strong throughput and grades.
  • Paracatu delivered another year of steady production including record recovery in 2023.
  • Tasiast, Paracatu and La Coipa represented nearly 70% of production and were the lowest cost mines in the portfolio, contributing significant free cash flow.
  • Great Bear increased its year-over-year inferred resource estimate by 45%, adding more than one million ounces primarily driven by high-grade underground additions. Kinross has increased Great Bear’s mineral resource estimate to approximately 2.8 million Au oz. of measured and indicated mineral resources, and to approximately 3.3 million ounces of inferred mineral resources.
  • At Manh Choh, mining activities are well underway including the commencement of ore mining and stockpiling. The project remains on budget and on schedule for initial production in the second half of 2024.
  • At Round Mountain, mining of Phase S has commenced. Development of the Phase X exploration decline is approaching the target mineralization, with drilling activities having commenced in early 2024 and set to ramp up through the year.

2023 Q4 and full-year highlights:         

  • Production of 546,513 Au eq. oz. in Q4 2023, and 2,153,020 Au eq. oz. in 2023.
  • Production cost of sales2 of $976 per Au eq. oz. in Q4 2023, and $942 per Au eq. oz. in 2023.
  • All-in sustaining cost3 of $1,353 per Au eq. oz. sold in Q4 2023, and $1,316 per Au eq. oz. sold in 2023.
  • Margins5 of $998 per Au eq. oz. sold in Q4 2023, and $1,003 for 2023.
  • Operating cash flow6 of $410.9 million in Q4 2023, and $1,605.3 million in 2023.
  • Adjusted operating cash flow3 was $407.4 million in Q4 2023, and $1,669.9 million in 2023.
  • Attributable free cash flow3 was $116.7 million in Q4 2023, and $559.7 million in 2023.
  • Reported net earnings7 of $65.4 million in Q4 2023, or $0.06 per share, and $416.3 million, or $0.34 per share, in 2023.
  • Adjusted net earnings3, 8 of $140.0 million, or $0.11 per share in Q4 2023, and $539.8 million, or $0.44 per share, in 2023.
  • Cash and cash equivalents of $352.4 million, and total liquidity9 of $1.9 billion at December 31, 2023. The Company also continued to prioritize debt reduction, repaying the remaining balance on both its Tasiast loan and revolving credit facility in Q4 2023.
  • Kinross’ Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.03 per common share payable on March 21, 2024, to shareholders of record at the close of business on March 6, 2024.

CEO Commentary:
J. Paul Rollinson, President and CEO, made the following comments in relation to 2023 fourth-quarter and year-end results:

“2023 was a great year at Kinross and I am proud of our global team who achieved the results that underpin our reputation as strong operators. We met our production, cost and capital guidance, and completed our projects at Tasiast and La Coipa. Our portfolio of mines produced solid results, we more than doubled free cash flow year-over-year while maintaining our investment grade balance sheet, and we are carrying this momentum into 2024.

“We expect to deliver another strong year in 2024, producing approximately 2.1 million gold equivalent ounces. Our development projects are progressing well and we look forward to first production from Manh Choh in the second half of the year. Great Bear continues to exceed expectations and we were excited to add more than one million ounces of higher-grade underground resource. We continue to successfully target extensions of the resource at depth, reinforcing our view that Great Bear has the potential to be a large, long-life, high-grade mining complex.

“Operating responsibly, delivering on our commitments and advancing our ESG strategy continue to be key principles of our day-to-day operations. Kinross was recently named to the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index, reflecting our commitment to corporate citizenship as a core value and key strategic driver of our business. We expect to publish our 2023 Sustainability and ESG Report in May and some highlights from the year include:

  • Completed construction of the solar power plant at Tasiast and are on track to achieve our goal of reducing emissions intensity by 30% by 2030 from our 2021 baseline;
  • In Brazil, we published a book on the Cerrado biodiversity corridor, highlighting the importance of protecting this critical region and the strategic approach taken by our Paracatu site;
  • Made approximately $10 million of monetary and in-kind contributions through site social investments; and
  • Established the “Kinross Alaska Future Leaders” scholarship at the University of Alaska Fairbanks focused on advancing the inclusion of underrepresented people in the resource industry.”

Financial results

Summary of financial and operating results

    Three months ended Years ended
    December 31, December 31,
(unaudited, in millions of U.S. dollars, except ounces, per share amounts, and per ounce amounts) 2023
2022 2023
2022
Operating Highlights          
Total gold equivalent ounces from continuing operations(a),(b)        
Produced   546,513     595,683     2,153,020     1,957,237  
Sold   565,389     620,599     2,179,936     1,927,818  
           
Financial Highlights from Continuing Operations(a)          
Metal sales   $ 1,115.7   $ 1,076.2   $ 4,239.7   $ 3,455.1  
Production cost of sales   $ 552.0   $ 526.5   $ 2,054.4   $ 1,805.7  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   $ 271.7   $ 251.9   $ 986.8   $ 784.0  
Impairment charges and asset derecognition   $ 38.9   $ 350.0   $ 38.9   $ 350.0  
Operating earnings   $ 193.5   $ (160.1 ) $ 801.4   $ 117.7  
Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders   $ 65.4   $ (106.0 ) $ 416.3   $ 31.9  
Basic earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders   $ 0.06   $ (0.08 ) $ 0.34   $ 0.02  
Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders   $ 0.06   $ (0.08 ) $ 0.34   $ 0.02  
Adjusted net earnings from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders(c)   $ 140.0   $ 108.2   $ 539.8   $ 283.1  
Adjusted net earnings from continuing operations per share(c)   $ 0.11   $ 0.09   $ 0.44   $ 0.22  
Net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities   $ 410.9   $ 474.3   $ 1,605.3   $ 1,002.5  
Adjusted operating cash flow from continuing operations(c)   $ 407.4   $ 496.1   $ 1,669.9   $ 1,256.5  
Capital expenditures from continuing operations(d)   $ 311.3   $ 316.8   $ 1,098.3   $ 764.2  
Attributable(g) capital expenditures from continuing operations(c) $ 297.7   $ 312.7   $ 1,055.0   $ 755.0  
Attributable(g) free cash flow from continuing operations(c) $ 116.7   $ 162.6   $ 559.7   $ 247.3  
Average realized gold price per ounce from continuing operations(e)   $ 1,974   $ 1,731   $ 1,945   $ 1,793  
Production cost of sales from continuing operations per equivalent ounce(b) sold(f)   $ 976   $ 848   $ 942   $ 937  
Production cost of sales from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis(c)   $ 936   $ 793   $ 892   $ 912  
All-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis(c)   $ 1,328   $ 1,203   $ 1,284   $ 1,255  
All-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per equivalent ounce(b) sold(c)   $ 1,353   $ 1,236   $ 1,316   $ 1,271  
Attributable(g) all-in cost from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis(c)   $ 1,699   $ 1,525   $ 1,619   $ 1,538  
Attributable(g) all-in cost from continuing operations per equivalent ounce(b) sold(c)   $ 1,709   $ 1,540   $ 1,634   $ 1,545  

 

(a) Results for the three months and year-ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 are from continuing operations and exclude results from the Company’s Chirano and Russian operations due to the classification of these operations as discontinued and their sale in 2022.
(b) “Gold equivalent ounces” include silver ounces produced and sold converted to a gold equivalent based on a ratio of the average spot market prices for the commodities for each period. The ratio for 2023 was 83.13:1 (2022 – 82.90:1).
(c) The definition and reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures and ratios is included on pages 26 to 30 of this news release. Non-GAAP financial measures and ratios have no standardized meaning under IFRS and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers.
(d) “Capital expenditures from continuing operations” is as reported as “Additions to property, plant and equipment” on the consolidated statements of cash flows.
(e) “Average realized gold price per ounce from continuing operations” is defined as gold metal sales from continuing operations divided by total gold ounces sold from continuing operations.
(f) “Production cost of sales from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold” is defined as production cost of sales divided by total gold equivalent ounces sold from continuing operations.
(g) “Attributable” includes Kinross’ share of Manh Choh (70%) costs, capital expenditures and cash flow, as appropriate.
   

The following operating and financial results are based on fourth-quarter and year-end 2023 gold equivalent production:

Production: Kinross produced 546,513 Au eq. oz. from continuing operations in Q4 2023, compared with 595,683 Au eq. oz. from continuing operations in Q4 2022.

Over the full year, Kinross produced 2,153,020 Au eq. oz. from continuing operations, compared with full-year 2022 production of 1,957,237 Au eq. oz. from continuing operations. The 10% year-over-year increase was largely a result of higher production at La Coipa due to the ramp-up of operations in the second half of 2022, and higher mill grades, recoveries and throughput at Tasiast, partially offset by lower production at Bald Mountain, consistent with the mine plan.

Average realized gold price: The average realized gold price from continuing operations in Q4 2023 was $1,974 per ounce, compared with $1,731 per ounce in Q4 2022. For full-year 2023, the average realized gold price per ounce from continuing operations was $1,945, compared with $1,793 per ounce for full-year 2022.

Revenue: During the fourth quarter, revenue from continuing operations increased to $1,115.7 million, compared with $1,076.2 million during Q4 2022. Revenue from continuing operations increased to $4,239.7 million for full-year 2023, compared with $3,455.1 million for full-year 2022. The 23% year-over-year increase is due to the increase in production at Tasiast and La Coipa and higher average realized gold price.

Production cost of sales: Production cost of sales from continuing operations per Au eq. oz.2 sold was $976 for Q4 2023, compared with $848 in Q4 2022. Production cost of sales from continuing operations per Au eq. oz.2 sold was $942 for full-year 2023, largely in line with $937 per Au eq. oz. for full-year 2022.

Production cost of sales from continuing operations per Au oz. sold on a by-product basis3 was $936 in Q4 2023 compared with $793 in Q4 2022, based on gold sales of 543,173 ounces and silver sales of 1,890,563 ounces. Production cost of sales from continuing operations per Au eq. oz. sold on a by-product basis3 was $892 for full-year 2023, in line with $912 for full-year 2022, based on 2023 gold sales of 2,074,989 ounces and silver sales of 8,718,491 ounces.

Margins5: Kinross’ margin from continuing operations per Au eq. oz. sold was $998 for Q4 2023, compared with the Q4 2022 margin of $883. Full-year 2023 margin from continuing operations per Au eq. oz. sold was $1,003, compared with $856 for full-year 2022.

All-in sustaining cost3: All-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per Au eq. oz. sold was $1,353 in Q4 2023, compared with $1,236 in Q4 2022. Full-year all-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per Au eq. oz. sold was $1,316, compared with $1,271 for full-year 2022.

In Q4 2023, all-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per Au oz. sold on a by-product basis3 was $1,328, compared with $1,203 in Q4 2022. All-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per Au oz. sold on a by-product basis3 was $1,284 for full-year 2023, compared with $1,255 in 2022.

Operating cash flow6: Operating cash flow from continuing operations was $410.9 million for Q4 2023, compared with $474.3 million for Q4 2022. Operating cash flow from continuing operations for full-year 2023 was $1,605.3 million, compared with $1,002.5 million for full-year 2022, primarily due to the increase in margins.

Adjusted operating cash flow3 from continuing operations for Q4 2023 was $407.4 million, compared with $496.1 million for Q4 2022. Adjusted operating cash flow3 from continuing operations for full-year 2023 was $1,669.9 million, compared with $1,256.5 million in 2022.

Attributable1 free cash flow3: Attributable free cash flow from continuing operations was $116.7 million in Q4 2023, compared with $162.6 million in Q4 2022. Attributable free cash flow for full-year 2023 from continuing operations was $559.7 million compared with attributable free cash flow of $247.3 million in 2022.

Earnings7: Reported net earnings from continuing operations were $65.4 million for Q4 2023, or $0.06 per share, compared with reported net loss of $106.0 million, or $0.08 per share, for Q4 2022. Full-year reported net earnings in 2023 were $416.3 million, or $0.34 per share, compared with reported net earnings of $31.9 million, or $0.02 per share, in 2022.

Adjusted net earnings3,8 from continuing operations were $140.0 million, or $0.11 per share, for Q4 2023, compared with $108.2 million, or $0.09 per share, for Q4 2022. Full-year adjusted net earnings3,8 from continuing operations were $539.8 million, or $0.44 per share, compared with $283.1 million, or $0.22 per share, for full-year 2022.

Attributable1 capital expenditures4: Full-year attributable capital expenditures from continuing operations were $1,055.0 million compared with $755.0 million for 2022. The full-year increase was primarily due to an increase in capital stripping at Tasiast and Fort Knox, and increased development activities at the Manh Choh project. Capital expenditures from continuing operations4 were $311.3 million for Q4 2023, compared with $316.8 million for Q4 2022. Capital expenditures from continuing operations4 for full-year 2023 were $1,098.3 million, compared with $764.2 million in 2022.

Balance sheet

During the quarter, the Company repaid the $140.0 million balance on its Tasiast loan, ahead of its 2027 maturity date, and the remaining $50 million balance on the revolving credit facility.

After the repayments, Kinross had cash and cash equivalents of $352.4 million as of December 31, 2023, compared with $418.1 million at December 31, 2022.

The Company had additional available credit10 of $1,557.5 million as of December 31, 2023, and total liquidity9 of approximately $1.9 billion.

Return of capital

As part of its continuing quarterly dividend program, the Company declared a dividend of $0.03 per common share payable on March 21, 2024, to shareholders of record as of March 6, 2024. In 2023, the Company did not repurchase any shares.

Operating results

Mine-by-mine summaries for 2023 fourth-quarter and full-year operating results may be found on pages 21 and 25 of this news release. Highlights include the following:

Tasiast performed strongly in 2023, with production increasing 15% compared with full-year 2022. The record annual production was mainly a result of strong grades, record throughput following the completion of the Tasiast 24k project, and higher recoveries. Quarter-over-quarter, production was lower as a result of lower grades and timing of ounces processed at the mill, partially offset by higher throughput and recovery.

Tasiast’s full-year cost of sales per ounce was lower year-over-year mainly due to the increase in production as well as the higher proportion of capital development related to capital stripping of West Branch 5. Cost of sales per ounce sold was largely in line quarter-over-quarter. Following the completion of the solar power plant, the Company expects to realize immediate and long-term operating cost savings.

Paracatu full-year production increased compared with 2022 primarily due to an increase in mill throughput, as well as record-high recoveries, partially offset by lower grades. Production decreased quarter-over-quarter mainly due to lower grades, as expected, partially offset by higher mill throughput. Cost of sales per ounce sold was higher in both comparable periods mainly due to lower ounces sold and increased mining volumes, as expected, and unfavourable foreign exchange changes.

La Coipa continued to perform well and achieved record quarterly production since its restart in February 2022 driven by strong grades and throughput. Cost of sales per ounce was higher year-over-year and quarter-over-quarter mainly due to a reduction in capitalized stripping.

Fort Knox full-year production and cost of sales were largely in line with 2022. Quarter-over-quarter production increased mainly due to higher mill throughput as well as timing of ounces processed in the mill. Compared with Q3 2023, cost of sales per ounce sold was higher mainly due to less capital development, partially offset by higher production.

Round Mountain full-year production increased year-over-year primarily due to an increase in ounces recovered from the heap leach pads. Quarter-over-quarter production decreased primarily due to fewer ounces recovered from the heap leach pads, partially offset by higher grades. Full-year cost of sales per ounce increased year-over-year mainly as a result of higher-cost ounces recovered from the heap leach pads and less capital development. Cost of sales per ounce sold in Q4 2023 decreased compared with the previous quarter largely due to lower costs related to labour and consumables, partly offset by timing of inventory movements.

Bald Mountain full-year production decreased largely due to lower grades and timing of ounces recovered from the heap leach pads. Compared with the previous quarter, production increased mainly due to higher grades. Full-year cost of sales per ounce sold increased as a result of higher-cost heap leach ounces, as well as higher contractor, reagent and maintenance costs. Compared with Q3 2023, fourth quarter cost of sales per ounce sold was lower mainly due to higher production, a higher proportion of capital development, and lower contractor and reagent costs, partially offset by timing of ounces recovered.

Development projects

Great Bear  

At the Great Bear project, the Company’s robust exploration program continues to make excellent progress, execution planning for the advanced exploration program is well underway, and permitting continues to advance on plan.

Following the completion of its 2023 drilling program, Kinross has increased Great Bear’s mineral resource estimate to approximately 2.8 Moz. of measured and indicated resources and approximately 3.3 Moz. of inferred resources. This includes the addition of more than one million higher-grade, underground inferred ounces, representing a 45% year-over-year increase.

Kinross continues to add higher-grade material to the underground resource base, as demonstrated by the year-over-year increase in the inferred grade, which went from 3.6 g/t to 4.5 g/t. While the primary additions were in the LP zone, resources at Hinge and Limb, traditional Red Lake style deposits proximal to the LP zone, also increased. Further, high-grade intercepts below the resource at Hinge in 2023 demonstrated the potential for this mineralization to also continue at depth potentially supplementing LP zone production in the future. 

The updated mineral resource estimate is set out in the table below:

Great Bear Mineral Resource estimates  
  2022
(Au koz)
Year-over-year additions
(Au koz)
2023
(Au koz)
Grade
(Au g/t)
Measured and Indicated Resources 2,737 75 2,813 2.7
Inferred Resources 2,290 1,025 3,315 4.5

Since the last update on November 8, 2023, the Company has received additional assay results, with a selection of the new results highlighted below. Recent results highlighted in this release were received after the 2023 resource database cut-off and have not been used to inform year end resource figures.

Notable exploration results at Great Bear in the fourth quarter include:

  • BR-807 (Discovery) 2.7m @ 9.7 g/t Au at a vertical depth of 880m
  • BR-814C6 (Yauro) 6.6m @ 8.4 g/t Au at a vertical depth of 750m
    • Including 2.3m @ 23.3 g/t Au
  • BR-819 (Auro) 8.9m @ 13.9 g/t Au at a vertical depth of 700m
    • Including 2.3m @ 51.5 g/t Au
  • BR-843AC1A (Yuma) 15.4m @ 89.1 g/t Au at a vertical depth of 900m
    • Including 3.5m @ 389.6 g/t Au
  • BR-890 (Discovery) 1.6m @ 18.8 g/t Au at a vertical depth of 1070m

These results continue to support the view of a high-grade, large, long-life mining complex at Great Bear. Hole BR-843AC1A has intersected 3.5m @ 389.6 g/t at 900m vertical depth at Yuma and is expected to further increase the grade of already high-grade resource stopes in that area. Holes BR-814C6 and BR-819 demonstrate the continuity of wide, high-grade mineralization below the current resource at Yauro and Auro respectively. To the northwest, holes BR-807 and BR-890A have intersected high-grade mineralization at depths of 880m and 1070m respectively, vertically below surface which highlights the highly prospective undertested area beneath Discovery.

Kinross is progressing provincial permitting, engineering, and execution planning activities for an advanced exploration (AEX) program that would establish an underground decline to obtain a bulk sample and allow for definition and infill drilling in the LP zone. The mining lease for the main AEX surface footprint has now been received, providing Kinross with the necessary surface and mining rights to develop the AEX project, subject to obtaining the required provincial permits.

Detailed engineering for AEX infrastructure is well underway, and orders have been placed for the onsite camp and high-quality water treatment facility. Procurement activities for additional infrastructure and site construction activities are progressing well.

Kinross is targeting a start of the surface construction for the AEX program in the second half of 2024, subject to receipt of permits, with start of the underground decline planned in mid-2025.

For the main project, Kinross continues to advance technical studies, including engineering and field test work campaigns, with plans to release the results of this work in the form of a preliminary economic assessment in the second half of 2024.

The required Federal Impact Assessment for the main project is underway. The Initial Project Description has been submitted to the Impact Assessment Agency of Canada, formally kicking off the federal assessment process. The Detailed Project Description is expected to be formally submitted in Q1 2024. Studies are ongoing and the Company expects to file its Impact Statement in the first half of 2025.

Selected Great Bear Drill Results
See Appendix A for full results.

Hole ID   From
(m)
To
(m)
Width
(m)
True
Width (m)
Au
(g/t)
Target
BR-807   964.5 980.6 16.1 14.1 0.59 Discovery
BR-807 and 994.5 1,009.5 15.0 13.2 1.65  
BR-807 including 1,002.3 1,008.0 5.8 5.1 3.33  
BR-807 and 1,027.2 1,037.7 10.5 9.2 0.44  
BR-807 and 1,059.0 1,069.5 10.5 9.2 0.89  
BR-807 and 1,084.8 1,089.0 4.2 3.7 1.74  
BR-807 and 1,095.7 1,209.0 113.3 99.7 0.67  
BR-807 including 1,106.7 1,109.7 3.0 2.7 9.68  
BR-807 and including 1,207.9 1,209.0 1.2 1.0 21.70  
BR-814C6   717.7 729.4 11.7 9.4 0.71 Yauro
BR-814C6 and 893.3 897.2 3.9 3.1 0.61  
BR-814C6 and 910.8 919.0 8.3 6.6 8.40  
BR-814C6 including 913.2 916.0 2.9 2.3 23.32  
BR-814C6 and 928.0 931.3 3.3 2.6 0.72  
BR-814C6 and 1,036.5 1,040.5 4.0 3.2 6.91  
BR-814C6 including 1,037.5 1,040.5 3.0 2.4 8.78  
BR-814C6 and 1,068.0 1,074.6 6.6 5.2 0.72  
BR-819   849.2 855.7 6.5 5.7 0.38 Auro
BR-819 and 876.0 886.2 10.2 8.9 13.87  
BR-819 including 879.0 881.7 2.7 2.3 51.45  
BR-843AC1A   1,317.1 1,336.4 19.3 15.4 89.14 Yuma
BR-843AC1A including 1,317.1 1,321.5 4.4 3.5 389.57  
BR-843AC1A and 1,481.8 1,484.8 3.0 2.4 2.07  
BR-890A   1,331.5 1,363.2 31.7 26.3 2.01 Discovery
BR-890A including 1,361.2 1,363.2 2.0 1.6 18.79  
BR-890A and 1,369.5 1,375.7 6.2 5.1 0.77  

Results are preliminary in nature and are subject to on-going QA/QC. Lengths are subject to rounding.

See Appendix B for a LP zone long section.

Manh Choh

At the 70% owned Manh Choh project, of which Kinross is the operator, construction is essentially complete, on budget and on schedule for production in the second half of 2024. Mining activities are well underway including the commencement of ore mining and stockpiling. Transportation of ore to Fort Knox, where it will be processed, has commenced and will gradually increase throughout the first half of the year.

Modifications to the Fort Knox mill continue to progress on schedule and on budget. Construction of the conveyors and associated buildings are planned for the first quarter along with interior piping and mechanical installations. The commissioning and operational readiness team is in place and preparing for pre-commissioning activities following the mechanical completion of each area.

Tasiast solar power plant

At the Tasiast solar power plant, construction of the solar field and battery system is now complete, with first solar power delivered to the Tasiast grid in December 2023. Commissioning of the battery system and energy management system will continue in early 2024, supporting the solar field and battery system integration and power ramp-up. During the first quarter of 2024, grid scenario testing involving incumbent generators, the solar field, and battery systems will continue toward ensuring stable power from this new renewable energy source. The Tasiast solar power plant has a continuous power generation capacity of 34MW and an 18MW battery storage system.  

Round Mountain

The extension strategy at Round Mountain is advancing on plan. At Phase S, the operations team is in place and stripping remains on schedule. For the heap leach pad expansion, detailed engineering is complete, procurement is in progress, and construction activities remain on track. 

At Phase X, development of the exploration decline is progressing well and more than 50% complete, with approximately 1,475 metres developed so far, and is approaching the target mineralization. Underground definition drilling commenced in early 2024 and is set to ramp up throughout the year. The Company expects to begin drilling the primary Phase X target in Q2. At Gold Hill, drilling continues to progress as planned with an infill program from the bottom of the pit and exploration drilling from surface.

Chile

Kinross’ activities in Chile are currently focused on La Coipa and potential opportunities to extend its mine life. The Lobo-Marte project continues to provide optionality as a potential large, low-cost mine upon the conclusion of mining at La Coipa. While the Company focuses its technical resources on La Coipa, it will continue to engage and build relationships with communities related to Lobo-Marte and government stakeholders.

Company Guidance
The following section of the news release represents forward-looking information and users are cautioned that actual results may vary. We refer to the risks and assumptions contained in the Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information on page 48 of this news release.

This Company Guidance section below references all-in sustaining cost per equivalent ounce sold and sustaining, non-sustaining and attributable capital expenditures, which are non-GAAP ratios and financial measures, as applicable, with no standardized meaning under IFRS and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. The definitions of these non-GAAP ratios and financial measures and comparable reconciliations are included on pages 26 to 30 of this news release.

Attributable1 production guidance

In 2024, Kinross expects to produce 2.1 million attributable Au eq. oz.11 (+/- 5%) from its operations, in line with total 2023 production of 2,153,020 Au eq. oz. Kinross’ annual production is expected to remain stable in 2025 and 2026 at 2.0 million attributable Au eq. oz.11 (+/- 5%) per year.

Annual attributable1 gold equivalent production guidance
(+/- 5%)
2024 2.1 million oz.
2025 2.0 million oz.
2026 2.0 million oz.

In 2024, attributable production is expected to be higher in the second half of the year, which is largely driven by expected initial production at Manh Choh, as well as higher production at Paracatu.

Attributable1 cost guidance

Production cost of sales is expected to be $1,020 per Au eq. oz.11 (+/- 5%) for 2024. In 2023, production cost of sales was $942 per Au eq. oz. The moderate year-over-year increase in 2024 is mainly due to production mix, including higher expected production from the Company’s U.S. assets and lower production at Paracatu, and inflationary impacts.

The Company expects its all-in sustaining cost3 to be $1,360 per Au eq. oz. (+/- 5%) for 2024. In 2023, all-in sustaining cost3 was $1,316 per Au eq. oz. sold.

2024 attributable1 production and cost guidance

Attributable basis1 Q4 2023
results
2023 full-year
results
2024 guidance
(+/- 5%)
Gold equivalent basis      
Production (Au eq. oz.) 546,513 2.15 million 2.1 million11
Production cost of sales per Au eq. oz.2 sold $976 $942 $1,020
All-in sustaining cost per Au eq. oz. sold3 $1,353 $1,316 $1,360


2024 attributable
1 production and cost guidance by country

Country 2024 production
guidance

(Au eq. oz.)11
(+/-5%)
Percentage
of total
forecast
production
12
2024 guidance
production cost of sales
(per Au eq. oz. sold)2,11
(+/-5%)
2023 production
cost of sales

(per Au eq. oz. sold)2
United States 730,000 35% $1,330 $1,318
Brazil 510,000 24% $1,080 $909
Chile 250,000 12% $800 $681
Mauritania 610,000 29% $670 $661
TOTAL 2.1 million 100% $1,020 $942

Material assumptions used to forecast 2024 production cost of sales are as follows:

  • a gold price of $2,000 per ounce;
  • a silver price of $25 per ounce;
  • an oil price of $75 per barrel;
  • foreign exchange rates of:
    • 4.75 Brazilian reais to the U.S. dollar;
    • 800 Chilean pesos to the U.S. dollar;
    • 35 Mauritanian ouguiyas to the U.S. dollar; and
    • 1.30 Canadian dollars to the U.S. dollar;

Taking into account existing currency and oil hedges:

  • a 10% change in foreign currency exchange rates13 would be expected to result in an approximate $20 impact on production cost of sales per ounce;  
  • specific to the Brazilian real, a 10% change in this exchange rate would be expected to result in an approximate $40 impact on Brazilian production cost of sales per ounce;
  • specific to the Chilean peso, a 10% change in this exchange rate would be expected to result in an approximate $30 impact on Chilean production cost of sales per ounce;
  • a $10 per barrel change in the price of oil would be expected to result in an approximate $3 impact on fuel consumption costs on production cost of sales per ounce; and
  • a $100 change in the price of gold would be expected to result in an approximate $4 impact on production cost of sales per ounce as a result of a change in royalties.

Attributable1 capital expenditures4 guidance

Attributable capital expenditures for 2024 are forecast to be approximately $1,050 million (+/- 5%) and are summarized in the table below. The 2024 capital expenditures guidance is in line with 2023 results.

Kinross’ attributable capital expenditures outlook for 2025 and 2026 is $850 million and $650 million, respectively, based on currently approved projects. As Kinross continues to develop and optimize its portfolio for production beyond 2026, other projects may be incorporated into its capital expenditures, as well as potential inflationary impacts, over the 2024-2025 timeframe.

Country Forecast 2024
sustaining
capital
14
(+/-5%)
(attributable)1
(million)
Forecast 2024
non-sustaining
capital
14
(+/-5%)
(attributable)1
(million)
Total 2024
forecast
capital
14
(+/-5%)
(attributable)1
(million)

2023
sustaining
capital
3
million)

2023
non-sustaining
capital
3
(million)

2023
total capital

(consolidated)
(million)

2023
total capital

(attributable)1
(million)

U.S. $250 $180 $430 $303 $216 $519 $476
Brazil $145 $0 $145 $167 $0 $167 $167
Chile $55 $15 $70 $36 $39 $75 $75
Mauritania $50 $270 $320 $46 $263 $309 $309
Canada15 and other $0 $85 $85 $2 $26 $28 $28
               
TOTAL $500 $550 $1,050 $554 $544 $1,098 $1,055

2024 sustaining capital14 includes the following forecast spending estimates:

•  Mine development: $115 million (United States); $20 million (Chile);
•  Mobile equipment: $65 million (United States); $60 million (Brazil); $5 million (Chile); $20 million (Mauritania)
•  Mill facilities: $5 million (United States); $25 million (Brazil); $10 million (Chile); $5 million (Mauritania)
•  Leach facilities: $25 million (United States)
•  Tailings facilities: $5 million (United States); $50 million (Brazil), $5 million (Chile); $15 million (Mauritania)

2024 non-sustaining capital14 includes the following forecast spending estimates:

•  Tasiast West Branch stripping: $235 million
•  Round Mountain Phase S stripping and others: $120 million
•  Great Bear AEX and studies15: $85 million
•  Manh Choh (70%)16: $60 million
•  Development and growth projects and studies: $50 million


Other 2024 guidance

Category 2024 Guidance Summary
Exploration and Business Development (M)

$185 (+/- 5%) 2024 guidance includes approximately $160 million of exploration spend on greenfields, brownfields and minex exploration targets (2023 – $158.9 million).

For details about the 2024 exploration program, see page 14.

General and Administrative (M)

$115 (+/- 5%) Largely in line with 2023 results.

Other Operating Costs (M)

~$100 Primarily relates to studies and permitting activities, as well as care and maintenance and reclamation activities at non-operating sites.

Effective Tax Rate (ETR)17

33% – 38% ETR based on adjusted net earnings3 from continuing operations.

Taxes paid (cash) (M)

$155 Taxes paid is expected to increase by approximately $5 million for every $100/oz movement in the realized gold price.

DD&A ($/oz.)18

$540/oz. (+/- 5%) The forecasted increase in DD&A per ounce largely relates to an increase in depreciable asset base, relating to assets recently or to be put into service for 2024.

Interest paid (M)
(incl. capitalized interest)

$150 Includes approximately $105 million of capitalized interest and $45 million of interest expense.

Interest expense excludes accretion of the Company’s reclamation and remediation obligations, as well as lease liabilities, which for 2023 totaled $39.1 million.


Environment, Social and Governance

In 2023, Kinross continued its strong ESG performance through implementation of its ESG strategy, with priority focus areas in Workforce and Communities, Natural Capital and Climate and Energy. ESG is a key factor in the Company’s culture, business strategy and future growth plans. Our focus on strong governance was maintained, including a bespoke ESG training session conducted for the Board of Directors. In addition, updated Social Performance standards were developed, while work began on updating the standards for health and safety, and environment.

Kinross maintained consistently high ESG ratings as measured by S&P CSA, MSCI, Refinitiv, Moody’s ESG, and Sustainalytics. With a 97th percentile ranking as of December 31, 2023, in its S&P Global Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA), Kinross was named a constituent of the Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSI) World Index for 2023 and the S&P ESG 1200. In The Globe and Mail’s annual Board Games governance rating, Kinross maintained its ranking in the top group of Canadian mining companies. Kinross obtained external assurance of conformance with the Responsible Gold Mining Principles, which were established by the World Gold Council, and was provided a limited assurance statement as of March 31, 2023. The Company has established an ongoing process to ensure that every Kinross site meets the conformance requirements every three years.

Across sites, operational ESG performance focused on the Company’s First Priorities including health and safety, environment, and communities. In health and safety, the Company maintained low injury frequency rates that were in line with three-year averages and continued its focus on a people-centric and progressive safety philosophy. In environment, Kinross completed a detailed assessment of the Company’s status against the requirements of the Task Force on Nature-related Disclosures and plans to use the results to inform development of a Natural Capital strategy during 2024. At Paracatu, Kinross published a book on the flora and fauna of the Cerrado biodiversity corridor, also highlighting the Company’s long-term strategy to protect the biodiversity of this critical region in Brazil.

Kinross has also progressed on its Climate Strategy. Kinross is focused on renewable power purchase agreements, electric autonomous haulage partnerships, and energy-efficient opportunities across sites. The outcome of these initiatives is that Kinross is on track to achieve its greenhouse gas reduction goal of reducing emissions intensity by 30% in 2030 from its baseline. The Tasiast solar power plant, which has power generation capacity of 34MW and a battery system of 18MW, was completed and is expected to provide annualized fuel savings of 17 million litres of heavy oil, with a payback of less than five years. This translates into an 18% reduction of GHG emissions from the power plant over life of mine. Annualized GHG emissions reductions are estimated at 50 kilotonnes CO2e and, as a result, 22.5% of Tasiast’s energy generation will be from renewable sources.

In host communities, a high level of interactions was maintained and approximately $10 million of monetary and in-kind contributions were made through site community investment strategies throughout the year. In the fourth quarter, Kinross Chile donated three fully equipped research facilities to the University of Atacama’s high altitude research station in the Nevado Tres Cruces National Park near the La Coipa mine.

Kinross’ support of education and training continued across all our sites. In Alaska, the Company donated $350,000 to the University of Alaska Fairbanks to establish the ‘Kinross Alaska Future Leaders Scholarship,’ which will focus on advancing the inclusion of underrepresented people in the resource development industry. In Canada, the endowed Kinross Chair in Environmental Governance at the University of Guelph continued to advance knowledge, with the most recent Chair exploring links between the environment and reconciliation. In Chile, research agreements are now in place with the University of Atacama in areas covering health and safety as well as paleontology.

Kinross continued its close engagement with Indigenous peoples related to its mines and operations. At the Great Bear project in northwestern Ontario, an updated exploration agreement was signed together with the Wabauskang and Lac Seul First Nations. At the Manh Choh project in Alaska, a groundbreaking ceremony was held with the presence of the Chief, elders, and delegates from the Native Village of Tetlin, as well as Alaska’s Governor and other government officials.

Through an in-depth consultation process across all Kinross sites and coordinated through the Kinross Global Inclusion and Diversity Council, an updated Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Strategy was developed. Roll-out of this strategy will commence in 2024. In 2023, Kinross achieved the highest percentage of female employees to date and also increased the percentage of women across all levels of management. Kinross launched an updated set of leadership principles designed to provide leaders at all levels with clear expectations about what makes a leader at Kinross and how strong leadership enhances business outcomes. Through our support for Skills for Change in Toronto, the Company helped 40 black youth get training in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) subjects.

In anticipation of Bill S-211, Canada’s Modern Slavery Act, which aims to prevent and reduce the risk of forced labour in supply chains, a human rights task force was established to provide cross-functional coordination on the important work being done in this area and to help prepare the Company’s first modern slavery statement to be published in May 2024.

For more information on Kinross’ sustainability performance, see the Company’s 2022 Sustainability and ESG Report and its ESG Analyst Centre located on the Company website. The Sustainability and ESG Report follows the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) reporting standards. The Company’s 2023 Sustainability and ESG Report is expected to be published in May 2024.

Exploration update

In 2023, approximately 300,000 metres of drilling was completed for all exploration projects (brownfields, greenfields, minex). 

Brownfields exploration

The Company’s brownfields exploration efforts – which accounts for approximately 90% of the Company’s exploration budget – continued to primarily focus within the footprint of existing mines and projects during 2023.

Highlights of the 2023 brownfields exploration programs include results from: Round Mountain, Curlew Basin, Alaska, Bald Mountain, Tasiast and Chile, as well as Great Bear as detailed on page 6.

Round Mountain

The Phase X exploration decline that commenced in 2023 is designed to provide a platform for definition drilling of the main Phase X underground target. The exploration program plans for definition drill holes in critical areas to test growth potential outward from the main zone of mineralization, in particular testing for continuity of mineralization along strike in areas where surface drilling was limited. Exploration holes are also planned to be drilled at the end of the decline to test for mineralization beyond the planned development. In parallel with developing the decline, Kinross has commenced opportunity drilling between the open pit and the main underground target in Q4 2023.

2023 exploration work at Gold Hill demonstrated significant upside potential at this organic growth target. This year’s work confirmed an 800 metre strike extension of multiple veins yielding high grade intercepts within the Jersey vein zone (D-1195, -94 and -96), suggesting that this robust system continues and remains open (reported in Q2 2023). These results build on successful strike extensions from previous years.

Exploration drilling (7,950m) at Gold Hill was accelerated to be completed in the first half of 2023 to fuel studies and initial permitting efforts. Exploration drilling from surface and definition drilling from the bottom of the pit resumed in Q4 2023 and is planned to continue into the first half of 2024.

Curlew Basin

Results at Curlew Basin continue to trend well. At this organic growth project, the 2023 exploration program (16,900m diamond drilling) delivered the following successes:

  1. Confirmed extensions and continuity in several critical vein zones with multiple wide, high-grade intercepts.
    • ST-1312 – 27.1m @ 12.5 g/t Au, includes 10.7m @ 19.9 g/t Au
    • ST-1181 – 2.5m @ 198.4 g/t Au, includes 0.3m @ 1,610.0 g/t Au
  2. Demonstrated upside potential continues with the spatially distinct mineralization at the new “Roadrunner” zone (reported in Q3 14.2m @16.5 g/t Au, includes 7.3m @ 25.3 g/t Au). Underground drilling resumed in Q4 2023 and will be the primary focus for the first half of 2024.
  3. Meaningful resource increase, including a 34% increase in the inferred resource (note: the cut-off date for the 2023 year-end mineral resource estimate precedes the new intercepts listed above).

In 2024, Kinross plans to follow up on resource growth and new discoveries.

Alaska

Drilling this year in Alaska primarily focused on two main areas: targets for proximal growth around the Fort Knox pit, and targets for potential deeper underground mineralization.

Proximal growth highlights include:

  • FFC23-1879 – 24.7m @ 3.5 g/t Au, includes 3.8m @ 22.7 g/t Au
  • FFC23-1868 – 58.8m @ 0.8 g/t Au
  • FFC23-1903 – 38.7m @ 1.8 g/t Au, includes 6.3m @ 6.0 g/t Au
  • FFC23-1904 – 24.3m @ 1.3 g/t Au, includes 4.0m @ 5.4 g/t Au

Underground Dandelion shear highlight:

  • FFC23-1871 – 3.2m @ 25.7 g/t Au

These proximal growth highlights have not been included in the current resource update and may offer potential to augment medium-term production plans at Fort Knox.

At Manh Choh, 2,090 metres of drilling was completed across six target areas. The near-mine exploration area was expanded to include several new targets identified along the mine road corridor. Regional reconnaissance work also continued this year and will continue across the greater Tetlin lease area in 2024.

Bald Mountain

Exploration drilling focused on near-term growth enabling the addition of 78koz. to reserves this year. In 2024, the strategy will continue to focus on low-strip, near-pit extensions across six target areas in the North and South area of operations, as well as test new target areas within the Bida trend.

Tasiast

At Tasiast, exploration drilling resumed in Q4 2023 targeting soil anomalies in the north satellite area on the TMLSA license. The work tested for the potential northern extension of a known structure that forms part of the 75km long Aoueouat Greenstone Belt, hosting Kinross’ known gold deposits. The reverse circulation drill program successfully outlined mineralization and proved the continuity of a known structure. A follow-up drilling program is planned later this year.

Reverse circulation drilling of priority targets on the SENISA licenses also began in Q4 2023 and is expected to continue throughout the year. The initial program was designed to test the western extremity of the greenstone belt, roughly 9km due west of Kinross’ Piment deposit, where favorable geochemistry and prospecting had outlined anomalous gold.

Drilling around the existing operations for deep extensions at West Branch, Piment and Prolongation that could support underground mining will be a focus in 2024, with deep drilling expected to begin later this year.

Chile

In Chile, the brownfields drilling program was successful in uncovering potential porphyry mineralization when testing a target at Cerros Bravos on Kinross’ 100% owned property. The porphyry is located approximately 8km due north of Kinross’ mine facilities. Follow-up work in 2024 is expected to include geophysics and additional drilling.

At the La Coipa extensions, approximately ~15,000 metres were drilled in 2023 in and around current and historically active pits to extend oxide mineralization and generate geotechnical and geometallurgical data to support progressing these projects.

Brazil

In Brazil, brownfields and greenfields exploration efforts are focused on the Company’s extensive land packages, which are primarily along the northwest corridor from the Paracatu mine. Kinross’ land holdings extend for over 35km and are hosted by the sedimentary package that hosts Paracatu. Extensive soil surveying has uncovered numerous anomalies that have been followed up by prospecting, sampling and mapping. Recent drilling of some of these anomalies have revealed similar style mineralization and grades to Paracatu.

In 2024, Kinross expects to actively drill a number of untested targets and follow up on the best results.

Greenfields exploration update

The primary greenfields exploration strategy is to identify and explore in areas that have the potential to host high-grade gold deposits. The Company looks for opportunities where it can stake its own claims or collaborate with high-quality junior exploration companies through either joint venture agreements or via equity investment. The primary focus is exploring for orogenic, epithermal, Carlin and intrusion related gold and gold-copper style deposits.

The greenfields exploration programs in 2023 were focused on targets located in Canada, the USA and Finland with approximately 52,000 metres of drilling completed on all projects.

Canada

Outside of Great Bear, the focus in Canada was on the large land holdings in Snow Lake, Manitoba, where Kinross has 100% ownership in six exploration properties: Laguna, Puella Bay, Lucky Jack, Laguna North, DSN and SLG. Work on the Laguna and the Laguna North properties over the past few years has uncovered gold rich, shear hosted vein systems.

Prospecting and mapping on the Laguna North property was successful, with the discovery of a new quartz vein assaying 104.5 g/t Au and 1.8 g/t Ag. Kinross plans to follow up in the coming field season with more detailed prospecting and mapping.

Highlights from prospecting and mapping on the SLG property returned 6.0, 7.4, 9.4 and 11.5 g/t Au from mineralized quartz vein material within a shear zone that our geologists have uncovered for over a 200m along strike. Roughly 1.5km due south of the gold showing described above, geologists uncovered veining that contained copper and zinc mineralization with one of the samples returning 0.2 g/t Au, 15.5 g/t Ag, 2.03% Zn and 0.89% Cu. Further work on all of these areas is planned in 2024.

In February 2023, a joint venture was established with BTU Metals Corp., who holds a large land package abutting the southern boundary of Kinross’ Great Bear project in Red Lake, Ontario. Upon signing the agreement, compilation and modelling work began, and the relogging and sampling of existing core got underway in the second half of the year and will continue in 2024. A drilling program is anticipated at the end of the year, testing the best targets resulting from the relogging and modelling work.

USA

Kinross holds a number of projects in Nevada that are either 100% owned or are in joint venture with private individuals.

Work on Kinross’ various projects consisted of geophysics, prospecting and mapping as well as reverse circulation drilling of targets that were more advanced. A total of 38 reverse circulation drill holes for 12,785 metres, were conducted over the combined land packages during the year. These properties have the potential to host low sulphidation epithermal, Carlin and porphyry style deposits.

Work continues on evaluating and adding new pipeline projects through third party agreements and claim staking opportunities in the principal metallogenic belts throughout the US Great Basin, including the Walker Lane and the primary trends of Carlin-type deposits.

Finland

In the Central Lapland Greenstone Belt of northern Finland, exploration was conducted on Kinross’ joint venture and 100% owned projects. Kinross’ land positions are proximal to Agnico Eagle’s Kittilä Gold mine and Rupert Resource’s Ikkari gold deposit, that has reported more than 4 million ounces at 2.2 g/t Au in indicated resources.

Work in 2023 consisted of prospecting and mapping during the summer months and Base of Till drilling that was conducted throughout the year. The resulting gold anomalies were followed up with diamond drilling. A total of 21 holes for 3,116 metres of core and 10,981 metres of Base of Till drilling was carried out on Kinross’ various properties.

The latest joint venture agreement was signed with Aurion Resources on August 23, 2023, for its Launi East property. The property hosts the potential for orogenic gold mineralization and contains at least seven gold zones discovered prior to the joint venture. Limited diamond drilling has been carried out over the numerous gold showings and work will build on the existing data and vector in priority areas. Compilation work as well as mapping and Base of Till drilling was undertaken on the property before year end. The results will be followed up in 2024.

2024 Focus

For 2024, the exploration expenditure guidance (brownfields, greenfields and minex) is $160 million (+/-5%) compared with the $158.9 million spent in 2023. The 2024 programs are designed to follow-up on existing zones of mineralization and to make new discoveries in all of Kinross’ jurisdictions.

Looking at the priority exploration projects:

  • At Great Bear, expand the mineralized zones, LP, Hinge and Limb, and explore for new mineralization on Kinross’ land package
  • At Curlew, expand on the existing resource and follow-up on the newly discovered high-grade mineralization at Roadrunner
  • At Round Mountain, begin to delineate the Phase X mineralization from the underground exploration decline. Additional drilling from surface and the bottom of the pit at Gold Hill will test the numerous, high-grade gold veins
  • At Tasiast, underground-focused drilling from surface at Piment and West Branch and exploration of the SENISA and TMLSA land packages
  • In Chile, a number of greenfields and brownfields targets will be drill tested over the course of the year and the porphyry mineralization at Cerros Bravos will be followed up
  • At Paracatu, expand regional exploration activities
  • In Canada, continue to explore the Snow Lake, Manitoba, land package

Appendix C: Refer to page 42 of this news release for supplementary illustrations.

Full drill results are available here: www.kinross.com/Exploration-Drill-Results-Appendix-C-Q4-YE-2023

2023 Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources update
(See the Company’s detailed Annual Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource Statement estimated as at December 31, 2023 and explanatory notes starting at page 32.)

Kinross maintained its gold price assumptions of $1,400 per ounce and $1,700 per ounce for its mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates, respectively, as of December 31, 202310.

The Company also maintained its silver price assumption of $17.50 per ounce and of $21.30 per ounce for its mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates5.

Kinross continues to prioritize quality, high-margin, low-cost ounces in its portfolio, and maintained its fully loaded costing methodology.

Kinross is focused on upgrading the quality of its resources and delineating high-grade gold ounces with the objective of converting to reserves. While there was an overall reduction in reserves at year-end 2023, additions to resources are primarily high-grade ounces driven by the substantial increase at Great Bear.

 Kinross Gold Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource estimates19
  2022
(Au koz)
Depletion
(Au koz)
Geology & Engineering
(Au koz)
2023
(Au koz)
Proven and Probable Reserves 25,535 (2,435) (344) 22,757
Measured and Indicated Resources 26,211 (69) (174) 25,968
Inferred Resources 10,522 (85) 1,049 11,484


Proven and Probable Mineral Reserves

Kinross’ total proven and probable mineral reserve estimates decreased by 11%, or 2.8 million Au oz., to 22.8 million Au oz. at year-end 2023 compared with 25.5 million Au oz. at year-end 2022. The net decrease was mostly due to depletion, with an additional decrease of 0.4 million Au oz. at Paracatu due to geological and engineering updates, with decreases offset by an increase of 0.1 million Au oz. at Bald Mountain due to the addition of several smaller pits (converting from resource).

The Company’s total proven and probable silver mineral reserve estimate decreased by 34% or 12.4 million Ag oz. to 23.7 million Ag oz. at year-end 2023 compared with 36.1 million Ag oz. at year-end 2022. The net decrease was mostly due to depletion at La Coipa.

Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources

Kinross’ total measured and indicated mineral resource estimate at year-end 2023 was 26.0 million Au oz. compared with 26.2 million Au oz. at year-end 2022. The slight reduction was largely a result of increased costs at Paracatu, Fort Knox and small conversions of mineral resources to mineral reserves at Bald Mountain. Decreases were offset by a geologic increase at Tasiast.

The Company’s total measured and indicated silver resources decreased by 10% to 34.0 million Ag oz. at year-end 2023 compared with 37.6 million Ag oz. at year-end 2022.

Inferred Mineral Resources

Kinross’ total inferred mineral resource estimate increased by 9% or 1.0 million Au oz. to 11.5 million Au oz. at year-end 2023, compared with 10.5 million Au oz. at year-end 2022. The increase can be attributed to Great Bear which added 1.0 million ounces of inferred material, and Curlew Basin (Kettle River).

The Company’s total inferred silver resources decreased by 13% to 4.0 million Ag oz. at year-end 2023 compared with 4.6 million Ag oz. at year-end 2022. 

Board update

Mr. Ian Atkinson, who has been a Board member since February 2016, will, pursuant to Kinross’ retirement policy, be retiring and not stand for re-election at the Company’s Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in May 2024. Kinross’ management and Board would like to thank Mr. Atkinson for his many contributions during his tenure, including those related to his role as Chair of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee and his membership on the Corporate Responsibility and Technical Committee and the Human Resources and Compensation Committee.

The Board of Directors of Kinross has appointed Mr. George Paspalas as a Director with an effective date of January 1, 2024. Mr. Paspalas is a veteran of the mining industry with nearly 40 years of mining experience and brings a wealth of knowledge to his new position. He is currently the President & Chief Executive Officer and a board director of MAG Silver Corp., a Canadian silver producer and exploration company, a position he has held from May 2013. Prior to that, Mr. Paspalas held senior leadership positions at Aurizon Mines Ltd., Silver Standard Resources Inc., Sargold Resources Corp., and Placer Dome. He has a B. Eng. (Hons) from the University of New South Wales and has completed the Advanced Management Program from INSEAD. Mr. Paspalas has been appointed to sit on the Company’s Corporate Responsibility and Technical Committee.

The appointment of Mr. Paspalas will support the transition of Mr. Atkinson’s retirement as both individuals have commensurate skillsets, including capital markets and senior-level resource industry experience, deep technical knowledge, and operational leadership.

Conference call details

In connection with this news release, Kinross will hold a conference call and audio webcast on Thursday, February 15, 2024, at 8 a.m. ET to discuss the results, followed by a question-and-answer session. To access the call, please dial:

Canada & US toll-free – +1 (888) 330-2446; Passcode: 4915537
Outside of Canada & US – +1 (240) 789-2732; Passcode: 4915537

Replay (available up to 14 days after the call):

Canada & US toll-free – +1 (800) 770-2030; Passcode: 4915537
Outside of Canada & US – +1 (647) 362-9199; Passcode: 4915537

You may also access the conference call on a listen-only basis via webcast at our website www.kinross.com. The audio webcast will be archived on www.kinross.com.

This release should be read in conjunction with Kinross’ 2023 year-end Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis report at www.kinross.com. Kinross’ 2023 year-end Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis have been filed with Canadian securities regulators (available at www.sedar.com) and furnished with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (available at www.sec.gov). Kinross shareholders may obtain a copy of the financial statements free of charge upon request to the Company.

About Kinross Gold Corporation

Kinross is a Canadian-based global senior gold mining company with operations and projects in the United States, Brazil, Mauritania, Chile and Canada. Our focus is on delivering value based on the core principles of responsible mining, operational excellence, disciplined growth, and balance sheet strength. Kinross maintains listings on the Toronto Stock Exchange (symbol:K) and the New York Stock Exchange (symbol:KGC).

Media Contact
Victoria Barrington
Senior Director, Corporate Communications
phone: 647-788-4153
victoria.barrington@kinross.com

Investor Relations Contact
Chris Lichtenheldt
Vice-President, Investor Relations
phone: 416-365-2761
chris.lichtenheldt@kinross.com

Review of operations

                       
Three months ended December 31, Gold equivalent ounces             
  Produced   Sold   Production cost of sales ($millions)   Production cost of sales/equivalent ounce sold
  2023 2022   2023 2022   2023 2022   2023 2022
                       
Tasiast 160,764 143,002   171,199 147,019   $ 110.4 $ 96.2   $ 645 $ 654
Paracatu 127,940 180,809   132,886 183,190     144.2   130.3     1,085   711
La Coipa 73,823 67,683   73,477 68,135     52.9   39.4     720   578
                       
Fort Knox 84,215 83,739   81,306 87,061     104.3   102.1     1,283   1,173
Round Mountain 55,764 61,929   56,495 67,484     82.6   95.1     1,462   1,409
Bald Mountain 44,007 58,521   49,375 66,847     57.1   62.8     1,156   939
United States Total 183,986 204,189   187,176 221,392     244.0   260.0     1,304   1,174
                       
Maricunga   651 863     0.2   0.6     307   693
                       
Continuing Operations Total 546,513 595,683   565,389 620,599     551.7   526.5     976   848
                       
Discontinued Operations                      
Kupol           $ $
Chirano (100%)         24.3      
          24.3      
                       
 
                       
Years ended December 31, Gold equivalent ounces             
  Produced   Sold   Production cost of sales ($millions)   Production cost of sales/equivalent ounce sold
  2023 2022   2023 2022   2023 2022   2023 2022
                       
Tasiast 620,793 538,591   615,065 519,292   $ 406.8 $ 380.1   $ 661 $ 732
Paracatu 587,999 577,354   592,224 571,164     538.6   497.6     909   871
La Coipa 260,138 109,576   268,491 99,915     182.8   57.2     681   572
                       
Fort Knox 290,651 291,248   287,532 291,793     343.5   350.7     1,195   1,202
Round Mountain 235,690 226,374   234,064 227,655     357.7   309.2     1,528   1,358
Bald Mountain 157,749 214,094   180,139 214,808     223.5   208.8     1,241   972
United States Total 684,090 731,716   701,735 734,256     924.7   868.7     1,318   1,183
                       
Maricunga   2,421 3,191     1.4   2.1     578   658
                       
Continuing Operations Total 2,153,020 1,957,237   2,179,936 1,927,818     2,054.3   1,805.7     942   937
                     
Discontinued Operations                      
Kupol 169,156   122,295       83.8       685
Chirano (100%) 82,060   87,823       131.2       1,494
  251,216   210,118       215.0      
                       

Consolidated balance sheets

(expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, except share amounts)        
         
    As at
    December 31,   December 31,
      2023       2022  
         
Assets        
Current assets        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 352.4     $ 418.1  
Restricted cash     9.8       10.1  
Accounts receivable and other assets     268.7       318.2  
Current income tax recoverable     3.4       8.5  
Inventories     1,153.0       1,072.2  
Unrealized fair value of derivative assets     15.0       25.5  
      1,802.3       1,852.6  
Non-current assets        
Property, plant and equipment     7,963.2       7,741.4  
Long-term investments     54.7       116.9  
Other long-term assets     710.6       680.9  
Deferred tax assets     12.5       4.6  
Total assets   $ 10,543.3     $ 10,396.4  
         
Liabilities        
Current liabilities        
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 531.5     $ 550.0  
Current income tax payable     92.9       89.4  
Current portion of long-term debt and credit facilities           36.0  
Current portion of provisions     48.8       50.8  
Other current liabilities     12.3       25.3  
      685.5       751.5  
Non-current liabilities        
Long-term debt and credit facilities     2,232.6       2,556.9  
Provisions     889.9       755.9  
Long-term lease liabilities     17.5       23.1  
Other long-term liabilities     82.4       125.3  
Deferred tax liabilities     449.7       301.5  
Total liabilities   $ 4,357.6     $ 4,514.2  
         
Equity        
Common shareholders’ equity        
Common share capital   $ 4,481.6     $ 4,449.5  
Contributed surplus     10,646.0       10,667.5  
Accumulated deficit     (8,982.6 )     (9,251.6 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)     (61.3 )     (41.7 )
Total common shareholders’ equity     6,083.7       5,823.7  
Non-controlling interests     102.0       58.5  
Total equity     6,185.7       5,882.2  
Total liabilities and equity   $ 10,543.3     $ 10,396.4  
         
Common shares        
Authorized     Unlimited       Unlimited  
Issued and outstanding     1,227,837,974       1,221,891,341  
         
         

Consolidated statements of operations

(expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts)        
    Years ended
    December 31,   December 31,
      2023       2022  
Revenue        
Metal sales   $ 4,239.7     $ 3,455.1  
         
Cost of sales        
Production cost of sales     2,054.4       1,805.7  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization     986.8       784.0  
Impairment charges     38.9       350.0  
Total cost of sales     3,080.1       2,939.7  
Gross profit     1,159.6       515.4  
Other operating expense     64.5       113.8  
Exploration and business development     185.0       154.1  
General and administrative     108.7       129.8  
Operating earnings     801.4       117.7  
Other (expense) income – net     (27.3 )     64.4  
Finance income     40.5       18.3  
Finance expense     (106.0 )     (93.7 )
Earnings from continuing operations before tax     708.6       106.7  
Income tax expense – net     (293.2 )     (76.1 )
Earnings from continuing operations after tax     415.4       30.6  
Loss from discontinued operations after tax           (636.3 )
Net earnings (loss)   $ 415.4     $ (605.7 )
Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations attributable to:        
Non-controlling interests   $ (0.9 )   $ (1.3 )
Common shareholders   $ 416.3     $ 31.9  
Net earnings (loss) from discontinued operations attributable to:        
Non-controlling interests   $     $ 0.8  
Common shareholders   $     $ (637.1 )
Net earnings (loss) attributable to:        
Non-controlling interests   $ (0.9 )   $ (0.5 )
Common shareholders   $ 416.3     $ (605.2 )
Earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders        
Basic   $ 0.34     $ 0.02  
Diluted   $ 0.34     $ 0.02  
Loss per share from discontinued operations attributable to common shareholders   $     $ (0.50 )
Basic   $     $ (0.50 )
Diluted        
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders        
Basic   $ 0.34     $ (0.47 )
Diluted   $ 0.34     $ (0.47 )
         

Consolidated statements of cash flows

(expressed in millions of U.S. dollars)          
      Years ended
      December 31,   December 31,
        2023       2022  
Net inflow (outflow) of cash related to the following activities:          
Operating:          
Earnings from continuing operations after tax     $ 415.4     $ 30.6  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings from continuing operations to net cash provided from operating activities:          
Depreciation, depletion and amortization       986.8       784.0  
Impairment charges       38.9       350.0  
Share-based compensation expense       6.7       9.3  
Finance expense       106.0       93.7  
Deferred tax expense (recovery)       143.9       (56.2 )
Foreign exchange (gains) losses and other       (8.6 )     21.6  
Reclamation (recovery) expense       (19.2 )     23.5  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable and other assets       68.7       17.9  
Inventories       (91.4 )     (261.6 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities       95.5       130.4  
Cash flow provided from operating activities       1,742.7       1,143.2  
Income taxes paid       (137.4 )     (140.7 )
Net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities       1,605.3       1,002.5  
Net cash flow of discontinued operations provided from operating activities             47.6  
Investing:          
Additions to property, plant and equipment       (1,098.3 )     (764.2 )
Interest paid capitalized to property, plant and equipment       (114.1 )     (43.7 )
Acquisitions net of cash acquired             (1,027.5 )
Net disposals (additions) to long-term investments and other assets       1.7       (67.2 )
Decrease (increase) in restricted cash – net       25.3       (4.2 )
Interest received and other – net       18.2       8.8  
Net cash flow of continuing operations used in investing activities       (1,167.2 )     (1,898.0 )
Net cash flow of discontinued operations provided from investing activities       45.0       296.2  
Financing:          
Proceeds from issuance or drawdown of debt       588.1       1,297.6  
Repayment of debt       (960.0 )     (340.0 )
Interest paid       (53.2 )     (52.4 )
Payment of lease liabilities       (30.2 )     (23.2 )
Funding from non-controlling interest       46.2       10.8  
Dividends paid to common shareholders       (147.3 )     (154.0 )
Repurchase and cancellation of shares             (300.8 )
Other – net       7.4       (0.5 )
Net cash flow of continuing operations (used in) provided from financing activities       (549.0 )     437.5  
Net cash flow of discontinued operations provided from financing activities              
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations       0.2       (0.8 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations             1.6  
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents       (65.7 )     (113.4 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period       418.1       531.5  
Cash and cash equivalents of assets held for sale, beginning of period              
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period     $ 352.4     $ 418.1  
           

  Operating Summary              
  Mine Period Tonnes Ore Mined Ore
Processed (Milled)
Ore
Processed (Heap Leach)
Grade (Mill) Grade (Heap Leach) Recovery (a)(d) Gold Eq Production(b) Gold Eq Sales(b) Production cost of sales Production cost of sales/oz(c) Cap Ex – sustaining(e) Total Cap Ex (e) DD&A
      (‘000 tonnes) (‘000 tonnes) (‘000 tonnes) (g/t) (g/t) (%) (ounces) (ounces) ($ millions) ($/ounce) ($ millions) ($ millions) ($ millions)
West Africa Tasiast Q4 2023 2,937 2,056 3.04 93% 160,764 171,199 $ 110.4 $ 645 $ 9.7 $ 85.2 $ 70.6
Q3 2023 3,486 1,796 3.10 92% 171,140 162,823 $ 108.5 $ 666 $ 12.2 $ 77.3 $ 69.0
Q2 2023 1,688 1,663 3.25 93% 157,844 152,564 $ 99.5 $ 652 $ 9.1 $ 81.9 $ 58.6
Q1 2023 1,690 1,208 3.49 91% 131,045 128,479 $ 88.4 $ 688 $ 14.6 $ 64.6 $ 46.2
Q4 2022 3,737 1,627 3.21 90% 143,002 147,019 $ 96.2 $ 654 $ 38.3 $ 90.3 $ 48.7
Americas Paracatu Q4 2023 16,865 15,279 0.35 79% 127,940 132,886 $ 144.2 $ 1,085 $ 41.6 $ 41.6 $ 43.3
Q3 2023 14,725 14,669 0.41 79% 172,482 167,105 $ 141.2 $ 845 $ 58.4 $ 58.4 $ 53.1
Q2 2023 14,199 15,104 0.42 80% 164,243 163,889 $ 135.2 $ 825 $ 39.7 $ 39.7 $ 49.8
Q1 2023 8,056 15,130 0.37 79% 123,334 128,344 $ 118.0 $ 919 $ 27.8 $ 27.8 $ 40.4
Q4 2022 13,324 13,847 0.50 81% 180,809 183,190 $ 130.3 $ 711 $ 43.9 $ 43.9 $ 52.7
La Coipa(f) Q4 2023 1,591 1,188 1.92 78% 73,823 73,477 $ 52.9 $ 720 $ 7.0 $ 10.9 $ 54.8
Q3 2023 1,137 1,017 1.69 81% 65,975 65,856 $ 41.4 $ 629 $ 7.5 $ 15.2 $ 48.3
Q2 2023 869 971 1.62 81% 66,744 67,378 $ 43.6 $ 647 $ 19.9 $ 23.3 $ 48.3
Q1 2023 748 691 1.68 88% 53,596 61,780 $ 44.9 $ 727 $ 1.6 $ 25.4 $ 36.4
Q4 2022 1,047 933 1.47 84% 67,683 68,135 $ 39.4 $ 578 $ 2.6 $ 46.0 $ 25.6
Fort Knox Q4 2023 11,002 2,173 9,930 0.69 0.22 78% 84,215 81,306 $ 104.3 $ 1,283 $ 50.6 $ 69.0 $ 31.5
Q3 2023 6,667 1,912 5,961 0.81 0.21 78% 71,611 71,616 $ 82.3 $ 1,149 $ 52.1 $ 57.8 $ 24.6
Q2 2023 7,624 2,075 6,837 0.82 0.24 82% 69,438 69,206 $ 79.3 $ 1,146 $ 52.1 $ 58.2 $ 22.1
Q1 2023 7,412 1,966 5,972 0.78 0.22 82% 65,387 65,404 $ 77.6 $ 1,186 $ 38.6 $ 39.1 $ 18.6
Q4 2022 12,205 2,395 11,454 0.69 0.20 79% 83,739 87,061 $ 102.1 $ 1,173 $ 34.4 $ 39.1 $ 40.9
Round Mountain Q4 2023 4,666 884 2,729 0.91 0.48 68% 55,764 56,495 $ 82.6 $ 1,462 $ 4.6 $ 4.8 $ 45.0
Q3 2023 8,474 911 7,644 0.75 0.38 75% 63,648 61,931 $ 93.1 $ 1,503 $ 7.7 $ 7.8 $ 44.1
Q2 2023 10,496 1,021 10,028 0.67 0.35 76% 57,446 57,412 $ 85.5 $ 1,489 $ 10.5 $ 10.5 $ 33.5
Q1 2023 5,019 878 4,367 0.81 0.44 79% 58,832 58,226 $ 96.5 $ 1,657 $ 7.4 $ 7.4 $ 34.6
Q4 2022 5,177 962 4,772 0.74 0.36 74% 61,929 67,484 $ 95.1 $ 1,409 $ 41.1 $ 41.1 $ 19.1
Bald Mountain Q4 2023 3,894 3,918 0.47 nm 44,007 49,375 $ 57.1 $ 1,156 $ 36.3 $ 38.8 $ 25.0
Q3 2023 7,412 7,412 0.39 nm 40,593 41,300 $ 53.9 $ 1,305 $ 20.6 $ 24.9 $ 23.3
Q2 2023 4,142 4,119 0.42 nm 39,321 42,181 $ 54.5 $ 1,292 $ 16.5 $ 31.4 $ 25.6
Q1 2023 1,864 1,857 0.47 nm 33,828 47,283 $ 58.0 $ 1,227 $ 6.1 $ 25.2 $ 33.9
Q4 2022 3,002 2,957 0.37 nm 58,521 66,847 $ 62.8 $ 939 $ 17.2 $ 37.4 $ 63.4

 

(a) Due to the nature of heap leach operations, recovery rates at Bald Mountain cannot be accurately measured on a quarterly basis. Recovery rates at Fort Knox and Round Mountain represent mill recovery only.
(b) Gold equivalent ounces include silver ounces produced and sold converted to a gold equivalent based on the ratio of the average spot market prices for the commodities for each period. The ratios for the quarters presented are as follows: Q4 2023: 85:1; Q3 2023: 81.82:1; Q2 2023: 81.88:1; Q1 2023: 83.82:1; Q4 2022: 81.88:1.
(c) “Production cost of sales per equivalent ounce sold” is defined as production cost of sales divided by total gold equivalent ounces sold from continuing operations.
(d) "nm" means not meaningful.
(e) "Total Cap Ex" is as reported as “Additions to property, plant and equipment” on the consolidated statements of cash flows. "Capital expenditures – sustaining" is a non-GAAP financial measure. The definition and reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure is included on page 30 of this news release.
(f) La Coipa silver grade and recovery were as follows: Q4 2023: 96.24 g/t, 44%; Q3 2023: 106.70 g/t, 63%; Q2 2023: 109.84 g/t, 56%; Q1 2023: 125.77 g/t, 70%; Q4 2022: 137.53 g/t, 68%.
   

Reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures and ratios

The Company has included certain non-GAAP financial measures and ratios in this document. These financial measures and ratios are not defined under IFRS and should not be considered in isolation. The Company believes that these financial measures and ratios, together with financial measures and ratios determined in accordance with IFRS, provide investors with an improved ability to evaluate the underlying performance of the Company. The inclusion of these financial measures and ratios is meant to provide additional information and should not be used as a substitute for performance measures prepared in accordance with IFRS. These financial measures and ratios are not necessarily standard and therefore may not be comparable to other issuers.

All the non-GAAP financial measures and ratios in this document are from continuing operations and exclude results from the Company’s Chirano and Russian operations due to the classification of these operations as discontinued and their sale in 2022. As a result of the exclusion of Chirano, the following non-GAAP financial measures and ratios are no longer on an attributable basis, but on a total basis: production cost of sales from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis and all-in-sustaining cost from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold and per ounce sold on a by-product basis.

Adjusted Net Earnings from Continuing Operations Attributable to Common Shareholders and Adjusted Net Earnings from Continuing Operations per Share

Adjusted net earnings from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders and adjusted net earnings from continuing operations per share are non-GAAP financial measures and ratios which determine the performance of the Company, excluding certain impacts which the Company believes are not reflective of the Company’s underlying performance for the reporting period, such as the impact of foreign exchange gains and losses, reassessment of prior year taxes and/or taxes otherwise not related to the current period, impairment charges (reversals), gains and losses and other one-time costs related to acquisitions, dispositions and other transactions, and non-hedge derivative gains and losses. Although some of the items are recurring, the Company believes that they are not reflective of the underlying operating performance of its current business and are not necessarily indicative of future operating results. Management believes that these measures and ratios, which are used internally to assess performance and in planning and forecasting future operating results, provide investors with the ability to better evaluate underlying performance, particularly since the excluded items are typically not included in public guidance. However, adjusted net earnings from continuing operations and adjusted net earnings from continuing operations per share measures and ratios are not necessarily indicative of net earnings from continuing operations and earnings per share measures and ratios as determined under IFRS.

The following table provides a reconciliation of net earnings (loss) from continuing operations to adjusted net earnings from continuing operations for the periods presented:

             
(expressed in millions of U.S dollars, Three months ended   Years ended
except per share amounts) December 31,   December 31,
      2023     2022       2023     2022  
             
Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders – as reported $ 65.4   $ (106.0 )   $ 416.3   $ 31.9  
Adjusting items:          
  Foreign exchange losses (gains)   2.7     (0.7 )     1.9     (0.8 )
  Foreign exchange losses (gains) on translation of tax basis and foreign exchange on deferred income taxes within income tax expense   24.1     (17.1 )     29.3     (25.5 )
  Taxes in respect of prior periods   (19.9 )   0.4       13.9     16.2  
  Impairment charges and asset derecognition(a)   38.9     350.0       38.9     350.0  
  Restructuring costs                 13.0  
  Reclamation (recovery) expense   (5.1 )   19.6       (19.2 )   23.5  
  VAT expense (recovery) in respect of prior periods       (24.2 )     8.5     (24.2 )
  Tasiast insurance recoveries       (77.1 )         (77.1 )
  Loss on sale of assets   8.1     12.1       14.8     14.3  
  Settlement provisions   20.0           30.0      
  Other(b)   8.2     16.4       9.6     22.6  
  Tax effects of the above adjustments   (2.4 )   (65.2 )     (4.2 )   (60.8 )
      74.6     214.2       123.5     251.2  
Adjusted net earnings from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders $ 140.0   $ 108.2     $ 539.8   $ 283.1  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – Basic   1,227.8     1,258.4       1,227.0     1,280.5  
Adjusted net earnings from continuing operations per share $ 0.11   $ 0.09     $ 0.44   $ 0.22  
Basic earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders – as reported $ 0.06   $ (0.08 )   $ 0.34   $ 0.02  
             

(a) During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company recognized impairment charges of $38.9 million related to a reduction in the estimate of recoverable ounces on the Fort Knox heap leach pads due to changes in recovery rates. The tax impact of the impairment was an income tax recovery of $3.1 million. During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recognized impairment charges of $350.0 million at Round Mountain, of which $106.8 million related to impairment of metal inventory and $243.2 million related to impairment of property, plant and equipment. The income tax recoveries related to the impairment charges were $18.9 million and $41.8 million, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company recognized impairment and asset derecognition charges of $144.5 million at Bald Mountain, of which $95.2 million related to impairment of metal inventory and $49.3 million related to the derecognition of property, plant and equipment. The income tax recoveries related to the impairment charges were $25.3 million and $13.1 million, respectively.
(b) Other includes various impacts, such as one-time costs at sites, and gains and losses on hedges, which the Company believes are not reflective of the Company’s underlying performance for the reporting period.
   

Attributable Free Cash Flow from Continuing Operations

Attributable free cash flow is defined as net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities less attributable capital expenditures and non-controlling interest included in net cash flow from operating activities. The Company believes that this measure, which is used internally to evaluate the Company’s underlying cash generation performance and the ability to repay creditors and return cash to shareholders, provides investors with the ability to better evaluate the Company’s underlying performance. However, this measure is not necessarily indicative of operating earnings or net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities, as determined under IFRS.

The following table provides a reconciliation of attributable free cash flow from continuing operations for the periods presented:

             
    Three months ended   Years ended
(expressed in millions of U.S dollars)   December 31,   December 31,
      2023     2022       2023     2022  
             
Net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities – as reported $ 410.9   $ 474.3     $ 1,605.3   $ 1,002.5  
             
Less: Attributable capital expenditures $ (297.7 ) $ (312.7 )   $ (1,055.0 ) $ (755.0 )
             
Less Non-controlling interest cash flow (from) used in operating activities(j)   3.5     1.0       9.4     (0.2 )
             
Attributable free cash flow from continuing operations $ 116.7   $ 162.6     $ 559.7   $ 247.3  
             

See page 31 for details of the endnotes referenced within the table above.

Adjusted operating cash flow from continuing operations is a non-GAAP financial measure and is defined as net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities excluding certain impacts which the Company believes are not reflective of the Company’s regular operating cash flow and excluding changes in working capital. Working capital can be volatile due to numerous factors, including the timing of tax payments. The Company uses adjusted operating cash flow from continuing operations internally as a measure of the underlying operating cash flow performance and future operating cash flow-generating capability of the Company. However, the adjusted operating cash flow from continuing operations measure is not necessarily indicative of net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities as determined under IFRS.

The following table provides a reconciliation of adjusted operating cash flow from continuing operations for the periods presented:

             
    Three months ended   Years ended
(expressed in millions of U.S dollars) December 31,   December 31,
      2023     2022       2023     2022  
             
Net cash flow of continuing operations provided from operating activities – as reported $ 410.9   $ 474.3     $ 1,605.3   $ 1,002.5  
             
Adjusting items:          
  Working capital changes:          
  Accounts receivable and other assets   (2.1 )   29.1       (68.7 )   (17.9 )
  Inventories   (1.8 )   39.2       91.4     261.6  
  Accounts payable and other liabilities, including income taxes paid   0.4     (46.5 )     41.9     10.3  
  Total working capital changes   (3.5 )   21.8       64.6     254.0  
Adjusted operating cash flow from continuing operations $ 407.4   $ 496.1     $ 1,669.9   $ 1,256.5  
             
             

Production cost of sales from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis is a non-GAAP ratio which calculates the Company’s non-gold production as a credit against its per ounce production costs, rather than converting its non-gold production into gold equivalent ounces and crediting it to total production, as is the case in co-product accounting. Management believes that this ratio provides investors with the ability to better evaluate Kinross’ production cost of sales per ounce on a comparable basis with other major gold producers who routinely calculate their cost of sales per ounce using by-product accounting rather than co-product accounting.

The following table provides a reconciliation of production cost of sales from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis for the periods presented:

     
(expressed in millions of U.S. dollars,   Three months ended   Years ended
except ounces and production cost of sales per equivalent ounce)   December 31,   December 31,
      2023     2022       2023     2022  
             
Production cost of sales from continuing operations – as reported $ 552.0   $ 526.5     $ 2,054.4   $ 1,805.7  
Less: silver revenue(a)   (43.7 )   (61.9 )     (204.3 )   (98.9 )
Production cost of sales from continuing operations net of silver by-product revenue $ 508.3   $ 464.6     $ 1,850.1   $ 1,706.8  
             
Gold ounces sold from continuing operations   543,173     586,146       2,074,989     1,872,342  
Total gold equivalent ounces sold from continuing operations   565,389     620,599       2,179,936     1,927,818  
Production cost of sales from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold(b) $ 976   $ 848     $ 942   $ 937  
Production cost of sales from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis $ 936   $ 793     $ 892   $ 912  
             

See page 31 for details of the footnotes referenced within the table above.

All-in sustaining cost and attributable all-in cost from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis are non-GAAP financial measures and ratios, as applicable, calculated based on guidance published by the World Gold Council (“WGC”). The WGC is a market development organization for the gold industry and is an association whose membership comprises leading gold mining companies including Kinross. Although the WGC is not a mining industry regulatory organization, it worked closely with its member companies to develop these metrics. Adoption of the all-in sustaining cost and all-in cost metrics is voluntary and not necessarily standard, and therefore, these measures and ratios presented by the Company may not be comparable to similar measures and ratios presented by other issuers. The Company believes that the all-in sustaining cost and all-in cost measures complement existing measures and ratios reported by Kinross.

All-in sustaining cost includes both operating and capital costs required to sustain gold production on an ongoing basis. The value of silver sold is deducted from the total production cost of sales as it is considered residual production, i.e. a by-product. Sustaining operating costs represent expenditures incurred at current operations that are considered necessary to maintain current production. Sustaining capital represents capital expenditures at existing operations comprising mine development costs, including capitalized stripping, and ongoing replacement of mine equipment and other capital facilities, and does not include capital expenditures for major growth projects or enhancement capital for significant infrastructure improvements at existing operations.

All-in cost is comprised of all-in sustaining cost as well as operating expenditures incurred at locations with no current operation, or costs related to other non-sustaining activities, and capital expenditures for major growth projects or enhancement capital for significant infrastructure improvements at existing operations.

All-in sustaining cost and attributable all-in cost from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis are calculated by adjusting production cost of sales from continuing operations, as reported on the consolidated statements of operations, as follows:

             
(expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, Three months ended   Years ended
except ounces and costs per ounce) December 31,   December 31,
      2023     2022       2023     2022  
             
Production cost of sales from continuing operations – as reported $ 552.0   $ 526.5     $ 2,054.4   $ 1,805.7  
Less: silver revenue from continuing operations(a)   (43.7 )   (61.9 )     (204.3 )   (98.9 )
Production cost of sales from continuing operations net of silver by-product revenue $ 508.3   $ 464.6     $ 1,850.1   $ 1,706.8  
Adjusting items:          
  General and administrative(d)   26.5     29.3       106.9     116.8  
  Other operating expense – sustaining(e)   5.2     5.0       23.0     28.5  
  Reclamation and remediation – sustaining(f)   16.4     14.2       63.1     42.7  
  Exploration and business development – sustaining(g)   10.4     7.7       38.3     30.6  
  Additions to property, plant and equipment – sustaining(h)   150.1     178.0       554.3     402.6  
  Lease payments – sustaining(i)   4.6     6.1       29.5     22.4  
All-in Sustaining Cost on a by-product basis $ 721.5   $ 704.9     $ 2,665.2   $ 2,350.4  
Adjusting items on an attributable(c) basis:          
  Other operating expense – non-sustaining(e)   11.1     12.8       38.5     45.1  
  Reclamation and remediation – non-sustaining(f)   2.2     1.9       7.7     8.0  
  Exploration and business development – non-sustaining(g)   40.1     40.1       145.9     122.3  
  Additions to property, plant and equipment – non-sustaining(h)   147.6     134.4       500.7     352.4  
  Lease payments – non-sustaining(i)   0.1           0.7     0.8  
All-in Cost on a by-product basis – attributable(c) $ 922.6   $ 894.1     $ 3,358.7   $ 2,879.0  
Gold ounces sold from continuing operations   543,173     586,146       2,074,989     1,872,342  
Production cost of sales from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold(b) $ 976   $ 848     $ 942   $ 937  
All-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis $ 1,328   $ 1,203     $ 1,284   $ 1,255  
Attributable(c) all-in cost from continuing operations per ounce sold on a by-product basis $ 1,699   $ 1,525     $ 1,619   $ 1,538  
             

See page 31 for details of the endnotes referenced within the table above.

The Company also assesses its all-in sustaining cost and attributable all-in cost from continuing operations on a gold equivalent ounce basis. Under these non-GAAP financial measures and ratios, the Company’s production of silver is converted into gold equivalent ounces and credited to total production.

All-in sustaining cost and attributable all-in cost from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold are calculated by adjusting production cost of sales from continuing operations, as reported on the consolidated statements of operations, as follows:

             
(expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, Three months ended   Years ended
except ounces and costs per ounce) December 31,   December 31,
      2023     2022       2023     2022  
             
Production cost of sales from continuing operations – as reported $ 552.0   $ 526.5     $ 2,054.4   $ 1,805.7  
Adjusting items:          
  General and administrative(d)   26.5     29.3       106.9     116.8  
  Other operating expense – sustaining(e)   5.2     5.0       23.0     28.5  
  Reclamation and remediation – sustaining(f)   16.4     14.2       63.1     42.7  
  Exploration and business development – sustaining(g)   10.4     7.7       38.3     30.6  
  Additions to property, plant and equipment – sustaining(h)   150.1     178.0       554.3     402.6  
  Lease payments – sustaining(i)   4.6     6.1       29.5     22.4  
All-in Sustaining Cost $ 765.2   $ 766.8     $ 2,869.5   $ 2,449.3  
Adjusting items on an attributable(c) basis:          
  Other operating expense – non-sustaining(e)   11.1     12.8       38.5     45.1  
  Reclamation and remediation – non-sustaining(f)   2.2     1.9       7.7     8.0  
  Exploration and business development – non-sustaining(g)   40.1     40.1       145.9     122.3  
  Additions to property, plant and equipment – non-sustaining(h)   147.6     134.4       500.7     352.4  
  Lease payments – non-sustaining(i)   0.1           0.7     0.8  
All-in Cost – attributable(c) $ 966.3   $ 956.0     $ 3,563.0   $ 2,977.9  
Gold equivalent ounces sold from continuing operations   565,389     620,599       2,179,936     1,927,818  
Production cost of sales from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold(b) $ 976   $ 848     $ 942   $ 937  
All-in sustaining cost from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold $ 1,353   $ 1,236     $ 1,316   $ 1,271  
Attributable(c) all-in cost from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold $ 1,709   $ 1,540     $ 1,634   $ 1,545  
             

See page 31 for details of the endnotes referenced within the table above.

Capital Expenditures and Attributable Capital Expenditures From Continuing Operations

Capital expenditures are classified as either sustaining capital expenditures or non-sustaining capital expenditures, depending on the nature of the expenditure. Sustaining capital expenditures typically represent capital expenditures at existing operations including capitalized exploration costs and capitalized stripping unless related to major projects, ongoing replacement of mine equipment and other capital facilities and other capital expenditures and is calculated as total additions to property, plant and equipment (as reported on the consolidated statements of cash flows), less non-sustaining capital expenditures. Non-sustaining capital expenditures represent capital expenditures for major projects, including major capital stripping projects at existing operations that are expected to materially benefit the operation, as well as enhancement capital for significant infrastructure improvements at existing operations. Management believes the distinction between sustaining capital expenditures and non-sustaining capital expenditures is a useful indicator for the purpose of capital expenditures and this distinction is an input into the calculation of all-in sustaining costs from continuing operations per ounce and attributable all-in costs from continuing operations per ounce. The categorization of sustaining capital expenditures and non-sustaining capital expenditures is consistent with the definitions under the WGC all-in cost standard. Sustaining capital expenditures and non-sustaining capital expenditures are not defined under IFRS, however, the sum of these two measures total to additions to property, plant and equipment as disclosed under IFRS on the consolidated statements of cash flows. Additions to property, plant and equipment per the statement of cash flow includes 100% of capital expenditures for Manh Choh. Attributable capital expenditures includes Kinross’ 70% share of capital expenditures for Manh Choh. Management believes this to be a useful indicator of Kinross’ cash resources utilized for capital expenditures.

The following table provides a reconciliation of the classification of capital expenditures for the periods presented:

(expressed in millions of U.S dollars)
               
Three months ended December 31, 2023: Tasiast (Mauritania) Paracatu (Brazil) La Coipa (Chile) Fort Knox (USA) Round Mountain (USA) Bald Mountain (USA) Manh Choh (USA) Total USA   Other Total
Sustaining capital expenditures $ 9.7 $ 41.6 $ 7.0 $ 50.6 $ 4.6 $ 36.3 $   $ 91.5     $ 0.3 $ 150.1  
Non-sustaining capital expenditures   75.5     3.9   18.4   0.2   2.5   45.1     66.2       15.6   161.2  
Additions to property, plant and equipment – per cash flow $ 85.2 $ 41.6 $ 10.9 $ 69.0 $ 4.8 $ 38.8 $ 45.1   $ 157.7     $ 15.9 $ 311.3  
Less: Non-controlling interest(j)               (13.6 )   (13.6 )       (13.6 )
Attributable capital expenditures(c) $ 85.2 $ 41.6 $ 10.9 $ 69.0 $ 4.8 $ 38.8 $ 31.5   $ 144.1     $ 15.9 $ 297.7  
                       
Three months ended December 31, 2022:                      
Sustaining capital expenditures $ 38.3 $ 43.9 $ 2.6 $ 34.4 $ 41.1 $ 17.2 $   $ 92.7     $ 0.8 $ 178.3  
Non-sustaining capital expenditures   52.0     43.4   4.7     20.2   17.1     42.0       1.1   138.5  
Additions to property, plant and equipment – per cash flow $ 90.3 $ 43.9 $ 46.0 $ 39.1 $ 41.1 $ 37.4 $ 17.1   $ 134.7     $ 1.9 $ 316.8  
Less: Non-controlling interest(j)               (4.1 )   (4.1 )       (4.1 )
Attributable capital expenditures(c) $ 90.3 $ 43.9 $ 46.0 $ 39.1 $ 41.1 $ 37.4 $ 13.0   $ 130.6     $ 1.9 $ 312.7  
                       
(expressed in millions of U.S dollars)
               
Year ended December 31, 2023: Tasiast (Mauritania) Paracatu (Brazil) La Coipa (Chile) Fort Knox (USA) Round Mountain (USA) Bald Mountain (USA) Manh Choh (USA) Total USA   Other Total
Sustaining capital expenditures $ 45.6 $ 167.5 $ 36.0 $ 193.4 $ 30.2 $ 79.5 $   $ 303.1     $ 2.1 $ 554.3  
Non-sustaining capital expenditures   263.4     38.8   30.7   0.3   40.8   144.3     216.1       25.7   544.0  
Additions to property, plant and equipment – per cash flow $ 309.0 $ 167.5 $ 74.8 $ 224.1 $ 30.5 $ 120.3 $ 144.3   $ 519.2     $ 27.8 $ 1,098.3  
Less: Non-controlling interest(j)               (43.3 )   (43.3 )       (43.3 )
Attributable capital expenditures(c) $ 309.0 $ 167.5 $ 74.8 $ 224.1 $ 30.5 $ 120.3 $ 101.0   $ 475.9     $ 27.8 $ 1,055.0  
                       
Year ended December 31, 2022:                      
Sustaining capital expenditures $ 52.7 $ 124.7 $ 7.8 $ 78.7 $ 102.2 $ 35.3 $   $ 216.2     $ 1.2 $ 402.6  
Non-sustaining capital expenditures   114.7     147.7   7.4   0.2   52.3   33.2     93.1       6.1   361.6  
Additions to property, plant and equipment – per cash flow $ 167.4 $ 124.7 $ 155.5 $ 86.1 $ 102.4 $ 87.6 $ 33.2   $ 309.3     $ 7.3 $ 764.2  
Less: Non-controlling interest(j)               (9.2 )   (9.2 )       (9.2 )
Attributable capital expenditures(c) $ 167.4 $ 124.7 $ 155.5 $ 86.1 $ 102.4 $ 87.6 $ 24.0   $ 300.1     $ 7.3 $ 755.0  

See page 31 for details of the endnotes referenced within the table above.

Endnotes

(a) “Silver revenue” represents the portion of metal sales realized from the production of the secondary or by-product metal (i.e. silver). Revenue from the sale of silver, which is produced as a by-product of the process used to produce gold, effectively reduces the cost of gold production
(b) “Production cost of sales from continuing operations per equivalent ounce sold” is defined as production cost of sales from continuing operations divided by total gold equivalent ounces sold from continuing operations.
(c) “Attributable” includes Kinross’ share of Manh Choh (70%) free cash flow, costs and capital expenditures. As Manh Choh is a non-operating site, the attributable costs and capital expenditures are non-sustaining and as such only impact the all-in-cost measures.
(d) “General and administrative” expenses is as reported on the consolidated statements of operations, net of certain restructuring expenses. General and administrative expenses are considered sustaining costs as they are required to be absorbed on a continuing basis for the effective operation and governance of the Company.
(e) “Other operating expense – sustaining” is calculated as “Other operating expense” as reported on the consolidated statements of operations, less other operating and reclamation and remediation expenses related to non-sustaining activities as well as other items not reflective of the underlying operating performance of our business. Other operating expenses are classified as either sustaining or non-sustaining based on the type and location of the expenditure incurred. The majority of other operating expenses that are incurred at existing operations are considered costs necessary to sustain operations, and are therefore classified as sustaining. Other operating expenses incurred at locations where there is no current operation or related to other non-sustaining activities are classified as non-sustaining.
(f) “Reclamation and remediation – sustaining” is calculated as current period accretion related to reclamation and remediation obligations plus current period amortization of the corresponding reclamation and remediation assets, and is intended to reflect the periodic cost of reclamation and remediation for currently operating mines. Reclamation and remediation costs for development projects or closed mines are excluded from this amount and classified as non-sustaining.
(g) “Exploration and business development – sustaining” is calculated as “Exploration and business development” expenses as reported on the consolidated statements of operations, less non-sustaining exploration and business development expenses. Exploration expenses are classified as either sustaining or non-sustaining based on a determination of the type and location of the exploration expenditure. Exploration expenditures within the footprint of operating mines are considered costs required to sustain current operations and so are included in sustaining costs. Exploration expenditures focused on new ore bodies near existing mines (i.e. brownfield), new exploration projects (i.e. greenfield) or for other generative exploration activity not linked to existing mining operations are classified as non-sustaining. Business development expenses are classified as either sustaining or non-sustaining based on a determination of the type of expense and requirement for general or growth related operations.
(h)  “Additions to property, plant and equipment – sustaining and non-sustaining are as presented on page 30. Non-sustaining capital expenditures included in the calculation of attributable all-in-cost includes Kinross’ share of Manh Choh (70%) costs.
(i) “Lease payments – sustaining” represents the majority of lease payments as reported on the consolidated statements of cash flows and is made up of the principal and financing components of such cash payments, less non-sustaining lease payments. Lease payments for development projects or closed mines are classified as non-sustaining.
(j) Non-controlling interest” represents the non-controlling interest portion in Manh Choh (30%) and other subsidiaries for which the Company’s interest is less than 100% for cash flow from operating activities and capital expenditures.
   

2023 Annual Mineral Reserve and Resource Statement

Proven and Probable Mineral Reserves

MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE STATEMENT        GOLD
PROVEN AND PROBABLE MINERAL RESERVES    (1,3,4,5,6,7)        
Kinross Gold Corporation’s Share at December 31, 2023          
      Kinross Proven Probable Proven and Probable
    Location Interest Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces
      (%) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz)
NORTH AMERICA                
Bald Mountain   USA 100% 638 0.5 9 27,628 0.5 480 28,265 0.5 489
Fort Knox   USA 100% 17,029 0.4 229 119,594 0.4 1,357 136,623 0.4 1,586
Manh Choh   USA 70% 4 2.7 0 2,881 7.7 709 2,885 7.6 709
Round Mountain 8 USA 100% 5,485 0.4 70 72,448 0.8 1,908 77,933 0.8 1,979
SUBTOTAL    23,156 0.4 309 222,551 0.6 4,454 245,706 0.6 4,763
SOUTH AMERICA                
La Coipa 9 Chile 100% 1,286 1.6 65 11,918 1.8 695 13,205 1.8 760
Lobo Marte 2 Chile 100% 0 0.0 0 160,702 1.3 6,733 160,702 1.3 6,733
Paracatu   Brazil 100% 293,503 0.5 4,337 122,147 0.3 1,110 415,650 0.4 5,446
SUBTOTAL    294,790 0.5 4,402 294,767 0.9 8,538 589,557 0.7 12,940
AFRICA                    
Tasiast   Mauritania 100% 56,719 1.1 2,072 45,827 2.0 2,982 102,546 1.5 5,055
SUBTOTAL    56,719 1.1 2,072 45,827 2.0 2,982 102,546 1.5 5,055
                         
TOTAL GOLD    374,664 0.6 6,783 563,145 0.9 15,974 937,809 0.8 22,757
                         
MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE STATEMENT        SILVER
PROVEN AND PROBABLE MINERAL RESERVES    (1,3,4,5,6,7)       
Kinross Gold Corporation’s Share at December 31, 2023         
    Location Kinross Proven Probable Proven and Probable
      Interest Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces
      (%) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz)
NORTH AMERICA                
Manh Choh   USA 70% 4 4.4 1 2,881 13.5 1,249 2,885 13.5 1,249
SUBTOTAL  4 4.4 1 2,881 13.5 1,249 2,885 13.5 1,249
SOUTH AMERICA                
La Coipa 9 Chile 100% 1,286 74.4 3,077 11,918 50.4 19,327 13,205 52.8 22,404
SUBTOTAL    1,286 74.4 3,077 11,918 50.4 19,327 13,205 52.8 22,404
                         
TOTAL SILVER    1,290 74.2 3,077 14,799 43.2 20,576 16,090 45.7 23,653

See page 35 of this news release for details of the footnotes referenced within the table above.

Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources

MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE STATEMENT   GOLD
MEASURED AND INDICATED MINERAL RESOURCES    (3,4,5,6,7,10,11,13)    
Kinross Gold Corporation’s Share at December 31, 2023    
      Kinross Measured     Indicated Measured and Indicated
    Location Interest Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces
      (%) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz)
NORTH AMERICA                
Bald Mountain   USA 100% 7,743 0.7 180 232,973 0.5 3,506 240,716 0.5 3,686
Fort Knox   USA 100% 4,137 0.4 50 66,131 0.3 697 70,269 0.3 747
Great Bear   CAN 100% 1,839 2.6 152 31,029 2.7 2,661 32,867 2.7 2,813
Curlew Basin   USA 100% 0 0.0 0 1,985 6.4 408 1,985 6.4 408
Manh Choh   USA 70% 0 0.0 0 436 2.3 32 436 2.3 32
Round Mountain 8 USA 100% 0 0.0 0 120,545 0.9 3,361 120,545 0.9 3,361
SUBTOTAL  13,719 0.9 382 453,099 0.7 10,665 466,818 0.7 11,047
SOUTH AMERICA                
La Coipa 9 Chile 100% 6,006 1.8 347 19,824 1.6 1,028 25,830 1.7 1,375
Lobo Marte 12 Chile 100% 0 0.0 0 99,440 0.7 2,366 99,440 0.7 2,366
Maricunga   Chile 100% 64,728 0.7 1,521 221,602 0.7 4,688 286,329 0.7 6,209
Paracatu   Brazil 100% 81,953 0.5 1,253 212,573 0.3 1,788 294,526 0.3 3,041
SUBTOTAL  152,686 0.6 3,121 553,439 0.6 9,870 706,125 0.6 12,991
AFRICA                
Tasiast   Mauritania 100% 9,615 0.9 284 48,936 1.0 1,646 58,551 1.0 1,930
SUBTOTAL  9,615 0.9 284 48,936 1.0 1,646 58,551 1.0 1,930
                         
TOTAL GOLD  176,020 0.7 3,787 1,055,474 0.7 22,181 1,231,494 0.7 25,968
                         
MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE STATEMENT SILVER
MEASURED AND INDICATED MINERAL RESOURCES    (3,4,5,6,7,10,11,13)  
Kinross Gold Corporation’s Share at December 31, 2023  
    Location Kinross Measured     Indicated Measured and Indicated
      Interest Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces Tonnes Grade Ounces
      (%) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz) (kt) (g/t) (koz)
NORTH AMERICA                
Manh Choh   USA 70% 0 0.0 0 436 9.1 128 436 9.1 128
Round Mountain 8 USA 100% 0 0.0 0 4,085 8.4 1,106 4,085 8.4 1,106
SUBTOTAL  0 0.0 0 4,520 8.5 1,234 4,520 8.5 1,234
SOUTH AMERICA                
La Coipa 9 Chile 100% 6,006 29.5 5,697 19,824 42.4 27,042 25,830 39.4 32,739
SUBTOTAL  6,006 29.5 5,697 19,824 42.4 27,042 25,830 39.4 32,739
                         
TOTAL SILVER  6,006 29.5 5,697 24,344 36.1 28,276 30,350 34.8 33,972

See page 35 of this news release for details of the footnotes referenced within the table above.

Inferred Mineral Resources

MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE STATEMENT   GOLD
INFERRED MINERAL RESOURCES    (3,4,5,6,7,10,11,13)    
Kinross Gold Corporation’s Share at December 31, 2023    
      Kinross Inferred
    Location Interest Tonnes Grade Ounces
      (%) (kt) (g/t) (koz)
NORTH AMERICA          
Bald Mountain   USA 100% 49,041 0.3 489
Fort Knox   USA 100% 19,265 0.3 193
Great Bear   CAN 100% 22,691 4.5 3,315
Curlew Basin   USA 100% 3,728 6.0 715
Manh Choh   USA 70% 10 4.1 1
Round Mountain 8 USA 100% 95,361 0.5 1,542
SUBTOTAL      190,095 1.0 6,255
SOUTH AMERICA          
La Coipa 9 Chile 100% 2,933 1.2 116
Lobo Marte 12 Chile 100% 18,474 0.7 445
Maricunga   Chile 100% 174,847 0.6 3,097
Paracatu   Brazil 100% 7,348 0.3 67
SUBTOTAL       203,602 0.6 3,725
AFRICA          
Tasiast   Mauritania 100% 19,551 2.4 1,504
SUBTOTAL      19,551 2.4 1,504
             
TOTAL GOLD       413,248 0.9 11,484
             
MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE STATEMENT   SILVER
INFERRED MINERAL RESOURCES    (3,4,5,6,7,10,11,13)    
Kinross Gold Corporation’s Share at December 31, 2023    
      Kinross Inferred
    Location Interest Tonnes Grade Ounces
      (%) (kt) (g/t) (koz)
NORTH AMERICA          
Manh Choh   USA 70% 10 10.2 3
Round Mountain 8 USA 100% 330 1.1 12
SUBTOTAL      339 1.4 15
SOUTH AMERICA